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This term, when used within the learning and skills sector, denotes open access for students with learning difficulties or disabilities, and opportunities for progression. Inclusivity is a goal which aims for a situation where all students—regardless of their learning difficulty or disability—can take part in education or training to enhance their quality of life. In terms of purpose, it is argued that this will lead to their improved integration into communities. The Tomlinson Report (1996) set out suggestions of ways in which to improve the organizational culture of learning and training institutions in order to ensure that they respond positively to applications from students with difficulties and disabilities, and are able to acknowledge and address their needs. In recent years the terms ‘inclusivity’ and ‘widening participation’ have, to some extent, been used interchangeably to encompass the improvement of learning opportunities for all. However, ‘widening participation’ derived originally from the main theme driving the Kennedy Report (1997), which aimed to ensure that all UK citizens over the age of 16 would have equal access to further and higher education.

V. C.

Viv Channing,

K. A.

Karl Aubrey

Subjects: Education.

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