incongruent dissolution

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Dissolution of a mineral with decomposition or reaction in the presence of a liquid, converting one solid phase into another, e.g. the conversion of orthoclase (see alkali feldspar) to kaolinite:2KAlSi3O8 + 11H2O ← Al2Si2O5(OH)4+ 4Si(OH)4 + 2K+ + 2OH-.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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