The network of preventive and therapeutic services established in India during the period of British colonial occupation, primarily for the benefit of the occupiers. Medical scientists and physicians of the IMS made important contributions to identification and control of tropical vector-borne and other diseases. It was the origin of the contemporary All-India Institutes and other outstanding health research institutions in India, as well as the medical and public health services of modern India. Similar services were established by other European powers, such as the Dutch in their Indonesian colonies and the Germans in Africa, and some advances in tropical diseases came from these sources.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.