Behaviour by those represented within a medium in which they are either unaware of having an audience (as with the characters in most narratives), or behave as if they were (as with actors in most drama). In photographic and filmic media, those within the frame also behave as if there were no camera present (as in many documentaries). The audience or reader is positioned in the role of a hidden voyeur (see voyeurism). This is the dominant mode of address in narratives in any medium. It serves to suggest the unconstructedness of the narrative when the audience is willing to ‘suspend disbelief’ (see suspension of disbelief). Compare direct address.
Subjects: Media Studies.