Britain's method of administering many of its colonies. It was first developed during the nineteenth century in India, where two‐thirds of the country was ruled by native princes. Its most notable proponent was Frederick Lugard, who developed indirect rule in Nigeria during 1912–19, and expounded the idea in his Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa (1922). As colonies were developed, it was applied elsewhere in Africa, and in Malaya. The policy was most successful in monarchical or hierarchically structured societies, where Britain could back an existing ruler or a ruling caste. In more fragmented or unstable societies, indirect rule became more difficult to apply as it was not always clear whom the British should support.British Empire
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).