Several methods have been developed to assess the social well-being and extent of social pathology in a community. Some rely on available facts in existing records of public agencies, such as people receiving social assistance, food aid, and income subsidies, and other economic indicators. Some use data on social pathology, such as calls to the police to settle domestic disputes, reports of vandalism, child neglect. These may be combined with demographic data, such as density of occupancy and proportion of old people living alone, from census reports, to identify “high-risk” neighborhoods where public health nurses can intervene to help minimize untoward outcomes. See also Jarman index and Townsend score.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.