A trade union that recruits workers within a single industry or sector with the aim of uniting all occupational groups in one industry organization. In the UK, industry unions have included the National Union of Mineworkers, the Graphical, Paper, and Media Union, Unifi (the finance union), and the National Union of Rail, Marine and Transport Workers. The principle of industrial unionism has never been dominant in the UK, although it has been the main form of trade unionism in other countries, the most notable of which is Germany. Since the Second World War, most German trade unionists have been grouped in a small number of industrial unions, though recent mergers and the blurring of industrial boundaries through technical change have begun to undermine the principle. In Germany today, the main unions are effectively multi-industry, multi-occupational general unions. [See ver.di.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.