The industry training boards were created by the Industrial Training Act 1964 with the aim of promoting a higher level of training, industry-by-industry across UK business. Significantly, they were tripartite institutions with representation of both business and trade unions. ITBs were strongly interventionist and had the power to institute a training levy to fund their activities. In the 1980s, most were abolished as the UK government adopted a more deregulatory, employer-led training policy. Two survive in the areas of general and engineering construction.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.