The ideal nutritional substance for infants is human breast milk (unless the mother has HIV). If human breast milk is not available, infant formula is the next best thing, provided it is prepared under suitably hygienic conditions. Some infant formula manufacturers have been more concerned about the commercial success of their product than about its suitability and freedom from contamination with pathogenic organisms. Resolutions passed by the World Health Assembly, the United Nations Children's Fund, and nongovernmental organizations concerned for infant and child well-being since the middle 1980s have put some moral pressure on infant formula manufacturers to act responsibly, and there have been some improvements in this state of affairs, but it is not yet ideal.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.