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Anwar Sadat (1918—1981) Egyptian statesman, President 1970–81

Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918—1970) Egyptian colonel and statesman, Prime Minister 1954–6 and President 1956–70

import-substitution industrialization

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The infitah that blossomed in Egypt in the early 1970s meant the “opening up” of Egyptian society to the nonsocialist world. This entailed an opening to foreign capital and a ...

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