*Messages in which the primary content is referential (see also content message; referentiality). Referential language functions primarily to record or communicate information. For example, the language of science (in particular contrast to poetic language). It is intended to denote (see denotation) rather than connote (see connotation), unlike expressive communication. Gender stereotypes often frame informational communication as a masculine style. See also exposition; compare expressive communication; instrumental communication; relational communication.
Subjects: Media Studies.