Courses of training which lead to qualified teacher status (QTS) or qualified teacher learning and skills (QTLS). Those courses of teacher training which lead to QTS are regulated by the Training and Development Agency, and those which lead to QTLS are regulated by Lifelong Learning UK. Teacher training combines a course of academic and professional study in institutions of higher education (HE), such as universities, with periods of practical experience in schools or colleges. Some ITT programmes, such as the Graduate Teacher Programme, have a larger weighting of ‘on‐the‐job’ training in schools than other, full‐time university‐ or HE‐based provision. Historically, teacher training for schoolteachers took place in teacher training colleges, which were renamed colleges of education following the recommendations of the 1963 Robbins Report. Now, however, the majority of those entering the profession do so as graduates through the Professional Graduate Certificate of Education or the Postgraduate Certificate of Education route, while non‐graduates can undertake a Bachelor of Education degree. In Scotland, ITT takes the same form as in England but is referred to as initial teacher education. See also newly qualified teacher.