Instituto Naçional de Pesquisas Espaçiais

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Brazil's space agency. An independent part of the Ministry of Science and Technology, it was established in 1971 to replace the Organizing Group for the National Commission on Space Activities formed in 1961. INPE launched Brazil's first satellite (SCD-1) in 1993 and its second (SCD-2) in 1998. INPE has also been involved in the construction of the International Space Station. Its future missions with undetermined launching dates include the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS-1), and a scientific satellite (SACl-1).

The agency's research work began in the 1970s, with INPE using the services of foreign meteorological, communications, and Earth-observation satellites. In the late 1970s, the Brazilian government approved INPE's Complete Brazilian Space Mission, and the next decade saw INPE join in the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) and establish its Integration and Tests Laboratory. Its main research campus is located at São José dos Campos.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.

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