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insula


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The large pyramid-shaped structure in the limbic system of the brain that lies deep between the opercula or lips of the lateral sulcus of each cerebral hemisphere and that is exposed by retracting the temporal lobe. The anterior part functions as the cortical pain centre and also contains mirror neurons for emotion, and the posterior part is implicated in language functions. Also called the island of Reil. See also pain asymbolia. [From Latin insula an island]

Subjects: Psychology.


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