Are skills required to perform jobs in the middle range of the occupational distribution, estimated in the UK as equivalent to level 3 national vocational qualifications. Intermediate skills may be specific, technical skills such as those required by skilled manual workers and technicians in industry. They also embrace broad learning abilities, however, including good levels of literacy, numeracy, and facility with information technology. In the UK, it has been estimated that there is a shortage of intermediate skills, particularly when compared with countries like Germany. In Germany, in 1998, it was estimated that half the population possessed intermediate skills, which provided the basis for German success in high value-added manufacturing industry. In Britain, in contrast, only 18 per cent of workers were skilled at this level. Possession of intermediate skills is rising in the UK as a result of a range of educational and training initiatives by government, but the UK still performs poorly on this indicator compared to other developed countries.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.