is a rapidly expanding sub-field within the academic study of human resource management. Its focus is the management of employees in multinational corporations and traditionally was concerned primarily with the issue of expatriation; that is, the management of parent-country nationals who were sent to work in overseas subsidiaries. However, in recent years, the scope of IHRM has expanded considerably and researchers consider all aspects of HRM within large, international companies, including international recruitment and selection, international reward, training and development programmes, and systems of performance management. Several themes are apparent in current academic work on IHRM. There is interest in the question of strategic integration and the degree to which IHRM is shaped by and supports international business strategies. Included in this theme is research on the link between IHRM and the different organizational and management structures adopted by large multinational businesses. There is also a growing concern with the degree to which IHRM is shaped by the international business environment. One strand in this research examines host-country effects; that is, the degree to which multinational firms have to adapt management systems to the prevailing culture, laws, and business systems of the countries where their subsidiaries are located. There is a clear overlap here with comparative industrial relations. Another strand is concerned with the impact on businesses of international institutions and movements, including the International Labour Organization, global union federations, and pressures to raise international labour standards (see international industrial relations). A third theme, related to the latter, is concerned with the issue of corporate social responsibility and the measures taken by international businesses to uphold ethical employment standards along their supply chains. International human resource management is increasingly taught within business schools across the world and has an expanding research community with its own professorships, book series, conferences, and journals. Prime amongst the latter is the International Journal of Human Resource Management, founded and edited by Michael Poole of Cardiff Business School.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.