Are formulated by the International Labour Organization and establish core labour rights, principles of labour management and minimum acceptable conditions that are applied across the globe. Standards are adopted by the ILO's tripartite International Labour Conference and are set out in Conventions and Recommendations. The former create binding obligations on states that ratify them to implement their provisions through national legislation whilst the latter provide guidance on policy, legislation, and practice. Since 1919, Conventions and Recommendations have been adopted covering many aspects of employment. What are often regarded as the core labour standards deal with the following: abolition of forced labour; the freedom of association of workers and employers; the right to collective bargaining; equal pay between men and women; the elimination of discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion and social origin; and the abolition of child labour. The ILO has established a supervisory procedure to ensure Conventions are given effect in law and practice, which is based on evaluation by independent experts. There is also provision for special investigations into infringements of freedom of association. The issue of international labour standards has risen to prominence in recent years as a result of the globalization of the economy and increasing pressure from labour organizations for a social clause in world trade agreements. [See corporate code of conduct, Declaration of Philadelphia, Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, and non-governmental organizations.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.