The questioning of suspects by the police. Suspects are not obliged to answer such questions (see right of silence), and the right of the police to question suspects is governed by the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 and the codes of practice made under it. The codes deal with such matters as the rights of the suspect to communicate with third parties, rights to legal advice and to medical treatment, and advice to the police on the administering of a caution, the provision of interpreters, and the keeping of records concerning all these matters. There are special provisions relating to the interrogation of juveniles, the mentally ill, and the mentally handicapped. The provisions of the 1984 Act and the codes of practice have been amended and updated in the light of the requirements of the Human Rights Act1998. See also confession.