inverted U

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Kuznets (1955) Am. Econ. Rev. 45 suggests that income equality first increases, and then decreases, with economic development; List and Gallet (1999) Rev. Dev. Econ. 3, 2 find evidence to support this contention. This concept can be extended to regional inequality between nations; see Yamamoto (2008) J. Econ. Geog. 8, 1 or to industrial concentrations: Grote (2008) J. Econ. Geog. 8, 2 finds an inverted ‘U’-shaped concentration of foreign banks in Germany.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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