A model of sport participation which predicts the conditions that promote continued participation, burnout, or withdrawal. The model is based on how five conditions (rewards, costs, satisfaction, alternatives, and investments) are perceived by an athlete. Athletes with high commitment to sport participation and low withdrawal tendencies, perceive the rewards and satisfaction of participation as being high, and the costs and alternatives as being low. They also perceive that the long-term investments that they have made in the sport (including time, friendship, money, and physical and emotional energy) will be lost if they withdraw.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.