Ipiutak Culture

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Communities representing the most recent variant of the Norton Tradition of coastal Alaska in the period c.ad 1–500, and later in some areas of north Alaska. This group lacks the stone lamps, pottery, and ground slate tools of the Norton Tradition, but has a highly developed art and uses similar projectile points and other kinds of stone tools. At the type‐site of Ipiutak on Point Hope, Alaska, the ruins of over 600 rectangular houses arranged in four rows along ridges in the beach have been found. Some of the dead were buried in log coffins set in pits in the ground, others were placed on the ground surface and covered in logs or wooden frames. Carved ivory pieces included realistic and fantastic animals, human heads and skulls, snow goggles, and grotesque masks. Ipiutak carving was not restricted to grave goods but was applied to everyday items too.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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