(b Gatchina, 1859; d Moscow, 1935).
Russ. composer and conductor. Reputation est. with Caucasian Sketches for orch. 1894. Prof. of comp. and harmony, Moscow Cons. 1893–1935 (dir. 1905–22). Cond., Mamontov Opera, Moscow, 1898–1906, Bolshoy Opera from 1925. Wrote patriotic songs and marches such as Song of Stalin. Comp. 6 operas, the best of which (The Last Barricade, 1933–4) dealt with a Revolutionary subject. In 1925 orch. newly discovered St Basil scene in Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov; added 3 acts to Mussorgsky's unfinished opera The Marriage in 1931. Comp. sym., symphonic poem, 2 str. qts., vn. sonata, cantatas, songs, etc.