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Irāmāvatāram


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c.12th century ce)

An influential Tamil retelling of the Rāmāyaṇa composed by the poet Kampaṉ under the Cōḻa dynasty. The founding classic of Tamil literature, it follows the structure of Vālmīki's Rāmāyaṇa, but uses multiple verse forms (some derived from caṅkam literature), and extended episodes, to recast the story as a Vaiṣṇava epic, infused with Āḻvār devotionalism. Its bhakti is directed towards Rāma, imagined as an omnipotent, saving deity—an avatāra, who through his destruction of evil, brings about the restoration of dharma.

Subjects: Hinduism.


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