A resurgence of Irish nationalism and culture which began in the last quarter of the 19th cent. and flourished until the 1920s. The revival was fostered by translations and re‐tellings of Irish legend, folklore, and poetry, such as S. Ferguson's Lays of the Western Gael (1865) and D. Hyde's Love Songs of Connacht (1893). The Irish Literary Theatre, founded by W. B. Yeats and others in 1899, developed into the important Abbey Theatre company. Plays by Yeats, Synge, G. B. Shaw, and O'Casey made the Abbey renowned. Meanwhile the poetry of Yeats and the prose work of G. Moore, Joyce, and many others established the new literary stature of Irish writing. See also Celtic Literature.
Subjects: Literary Studies (20th Century onwards).