Iron Guard

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A Romanian Fascist movement. Its name was used from 1930 for the Fascist League of the Archangel Michael, founded in 1927 by Cornelieu Zelca Codreanu. With its traits of mysticism, nationalism, anti‐Semitism, and romanticism, its aim was to restore the country to a new age of purity and harmony. It was supported by many farmers, as well as unemployed or otherwise disgruntled intellectuals. Despite some state suppression, it gained 17 per cent of the vote in the 1937 elections. It was too weak to assume power on its own, but in 1940, it became the only legal party under Antonescu. It got out of control as its members attacked Jews (whose economic strength was vital to the country's economy) and held endless marches, many of which ended in violence. It was therefore abolished and disbanded after three days of heavy fighting. Its demise was fully supported by Hitler, whose main concern at this time was to secure Romanian stability to ensure the oil supplies that were vital for his plans in World War II.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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