The Irish Constabulary was created in 1836 with an initial strength of around 7,500: this figure rose to 12,358 in 1850, before settling at around 10,000. The force was distinct from its English counterparts, being armed and centrally controlled. The prefix ‘Royal’ was granted in 1867 in recognition of the constabulary's conduct during the Fenian rising. The RIC bore the burden of the Irish Republican Army onslaught of 1919–21, sustaining around 416 killed and just under 700 wounded. The force was disbanded in 1922 after the ratification of the Anglo‐Irish treaty in London and Dublin.
Subjects: British History.