Pieter Isaacszoon


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(b Helsingør, 1569; d Helsingør, 14 Sept 1625). Dutch painter and draughtsman, active also in Denmark. He was brought up in Denmark, where his parents had fled following the disturbances in the Netherlands. According to van Mander, Isaacszoon began his artistic training in Amsterdam with Cornelis Ketel and later joined Hans von Aachen, whom he accompanied on his journeys through Germany and Italy. From 1590 Isaacszoon was in Amsterdam, where he acquired a reputation as a portrait painter, resulting in commissions to paint large militia group portraits, which reflect the influence of Ketel. The challenge in such pieces lay in depicting a large number of individuals in a natural manner while still maintaining their official character. Isaacszoon's Militia Company of Capt. Jacob Hoynck and Lt Wybrand Appelman (1596; Amsterdam, Rijksmus.) shows the members of the civic guard placed in one line, but in his Militia Company of Capt Gillis Janszoon Valckenier and Lt Pieter Jacobszoon Bas (1599; Amsterdam, Rijksmus.) he employed a banqueting table to enliven the composition. He achieved his most successful compositional solution in a preliminary drawing of the 27 members of the Militia Company of Capt. Adrian Raep (1603; Amsterdam, Rijksmus.), where a balcony and a balustrade divide the picture into two levels.


From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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