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Reform. Typically used to describe reform movements from the eighteenth century through the present. Based on the belief that historical misunderstandings and misinterpretations have distorted the original meanings of texts, introducing harmful practices. Therefore reform consists of a return to Islam's original message, although implemented in ways consistent with changed circumstances. The thrust behind the current reform movement is the perceived need to fulfill the ethical requirements of Islam. The movement stresses continuity of the Quranic message, rejection of innovations believed to be incompatible with the interests of the community and with the teachings of the Quran and hadith, reform of educational and political systems, and improvement of the status of women.

See also Revival and Renewal

Subjects: Islam.

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