Formerly known as Palestine SO, founded in 1936 by Huberman. Toscanini cond. first concert, December 1936. Since 1951 has made frequent tours. Chief conds. have incl. Jean Martinon, Paul Kletzki, and, since 1968, Zubin Mehta, but many guest conds., notably Bernstein. Salzburg Fest. début 1971 (cond. Mehta). Based in Tel Aviv.