Was the name given by the Greeks to the lower Danube (see danuvius). From a knowledge of its estuary, where they established a colony before 600 bc, the Greeks drew conclusions as to the size of the Danube. Hesiod mentioned it as one of the four great rivers of the world. Herodotus regarded it as the largest river of Europe and a northern counterpart to the Nile. He correctly stated that it had a constant volume of water, but mistakenly assumed that its last bend was to the south and knew nothing of its source.
Subjects: Classical Studies.