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Style of C19 architecture modelled on a type of astylar Italian palazzo, represented by the Palazzo Farnese, Rome (1517–89), by da Sangallo the Younger and Michelangelo. The plain façade had window-apertures framed by aedicules, quoins were emphasized and the whole front was held down by a large cornicione. Typical of this style are Barry's Travellers' (1829–32) and Reform (1837–41) Clubs, Pall Mall, London, the Northern (formerly Belfast) Bank Head Office, Belfast, by Lanyon (1845), and Osborne House, IoW, by Thomas Cubitt and Prince Albert (1845–51). Following such a Royal imprimatur Italianate stucco ornament was widely used to enrich the façades of terrace-houses in areas such as Kensington, London, from the mid-C19. The style was widely used in Germany (especially Berlin, Dresden, and Munich) and in the USA.

J. Curl (1990);Dinsmoor & Muthesius (1985);Lampugnani (ed.)& Hamilton (1993);Middleton & Watkin (1987);Sheppard (ed.) (1973)

Subjects: Architecture.

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