Italian Singer

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1 (Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier). Ten. Present during the Marschallin's levee, he sings to the assembled servants and traders, rudely interrupted by Baron Ochs. Aria: Di rigori armato il seno (‘With my breast armed with severity’—these words were lifted in their entirety by Strauss from the concluding ballet of Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (Molière, 1670) for which Lully wrote the music). This is a role in which many an aspiring young tenor has first made an impression (and in which Luciano Pavarotti made his Salzburg Festival opera début in 1978). Created (1911) by Fritz Soot (who also created Faninal's Major‐Domo and went on to have a long career in roles from Florestan in Fidelio to Parsifal).

2 (Strauss: Capriccio). Sop. She and the Italian Tenor are artists invited by La Roche to entertain the Countess's house‐guests. This scene usually provides an opportunity for very funny interplay between the two singers. Duet: Addio, mia vita, addio (‘Farewell, my life, farewell’). Created (1942) by Franz Klarwein, who later in the run sang Flamand, and by Irma Beilke.

Subjects: Opera.

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