(‘the rights of parentage’). Augustus' marriage laws rewarded parents. For example, precedence in public office was offered to married men and fathers. Three children (in Rome), four (for freed slaves and residents in Italy), or five (in the provinces) qualified parents for full exemptions, including, for women, exemption from being in guardianship and, for men, from acting as guardians. The fictitious status of parent, esp. of three children (conferred e.g. on Livia Drusilla), came to be granted as a privilege and favour by the emperors. See marriage, law of, roman; patronage, non‐literary.
Subjects: Classical Studies.