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iustitium


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(‘stopping legal business’), was the temporary suspension of jurisdiction and judicial operations by magistrates and judges in civil and criminal matters. It was proclaimed by a magistrate in an edict, usually on the senate's authority. It was originally used in a military crisis, esp. a tumultus, to enable the people to concentrate on raising an army. Its use as a mark of mourning survived into the Principate. In the late republic we find it employed as a form of political pressure.

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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