Destiny. The Quran is not decisive on the question of free will and predestination. Many passages uphold the former and many passages uphold the latter. The Quran is uncompromising, however, on the absolute power of God, without whose permission or creative act nothing at all occurs. Early Islamic theology developed several distinct understandings of destiny. The Qadari movement upheld the power of the individual; the Murjia tended to deemphasize the efficacy of human volition. Later discussions between Mutazili and Ashari theologians further refined the discourse to such a degree that it is difficult to determine from the theological works themselves just where the will of God ends and the will of the human being begins. Muslims believe that human beings are morally and ethically responsible for their actions but are utterly dependent upon God for the ability and power to act.