(b Reims, c. 1516–20 or c. 1545; d Reims, 1596). French sculptor. Between 1573 and 1577 he was in Rome, according to the dates inscribed on several pages of the sketchbook (Paris, Bib. N.) that is almost his sole authenticated work. It contains 96 folios of drawings after antique statues, bas-reliefs and architectural details. The drawings, which are mostly in brown ink and black chalk but occasionally in red chalk or sepia, show the sculptor's interest in multiple views of a single statue, such as the bent-up knee of a crouching Knife-grinder; some are of flayed figures and skeletons. In dated drawings, methods of shading reveal three main stages in Jacques's graphic development: the earliest are marked by hesitant hatching, followed by carefully contoured parallel lines or zigzagging, and finally by sure, swift outline sketches. He drew most often in the della Valle, del Bufalo, and Cesi collections and copied many details from the reliefs on Trajan's Column and on the Roman arches, as well as sculpture on the Campidoglio. Among other collections, he visited those of the Farnese family and of the Savelli family, where he studied the Labours of Hercules sarcophagus (Rome, Mus. Torlonia). He also drew contemporary works, among them the Risen Christ by Michelangelo (1475–1564). His sketchbook of drawings made on the site (one of the few such to be preserved) is an essential source for the study of antique statues and reliefs in Roman collections in the latter half of the 16th century.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.