(b Kiel, 1813; d Göttingen, 1869). Ger. archaeologist, philologist, and writer on music. Held professorial posts in archaeology and philology in Greifswald, Leipzig, and Bonn. Author of Life of Mozart (1st edn., 4 vols. Leipzig 1856–9, 2nd edn., 2 vols. 1867; 3rd edn. 1889–91, and 4th edn. 1905–7, both prepared by Herman Deiters; 5th edn. 1919–21, rev. by Herman Abert; 6th edn. 1955, rev. by Anna Amalie Abert; Eng. trans. by Pauline Townsend 1882). Collected material for biographies of Haydn and Beethoven which was passed, respectively, to Pohl and Thayer. One of founders in 1850 of Bach Gesellschaft.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.