Immanuel Jakobovits

(1921—1999) chief rabbi

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(1921–1999), rabbi, scholar; Jacobovits was born in Königsberg, fled Nazi Germany with his family, and settled in London in 1936. There he received ordination at Yeshiva Etz Chaim and also studied at Jews’ College and the University of London. In 1949 he was appointed Chief Rabbi of Ireland and in 1958 he assumed the pulpit of the newly formed Fifth Avenue Synagogue. In 1967 Jakobovits was named Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregation of Britain and the Commonwealth, a position he held until 1991. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1981. Jakobovits was a pioneer in the study of Jewish medical ethics. His major work Jewish Medical Ethics emphasized the relationship between medical ethics and halakha. The book has remained a major source for Jewish views on abortion, euthanasia, palliative care, treatment of the sick, and the history of Jewish medical ethics. –GEORGE L. BERLIN

From The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.

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