Group of radical Muslims based in Cairo who abducted and assassinated Shaykh Muhammad Husayn al-Dhahabi, former Egyptian minister of awqaf (religious endowments) and Azhar affairs, in July 1977. Name was assigned by Egyptian media. Group calls itself Jamaat al-Muslimin, or Society of Muslims. Leader was Shukri Ahmad Mustafa (d. 1978), who taught that all present societies are un-Islamic and that only members of his group were true Muslims. Anyone seeking to leave the movement was declared an enemy of God and threatened with death for apostasy and desertion. The group claimed that the classical system of Islamic law must be rejected because it is not the word of God but only the work of humans; it also claimed to rely solely on the Quran. Its leader was executed in 1978.