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Jamaat-i Islami of Bangladesh


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A major Islamic movement of Bangladesh that was part of the Pakistani party Jamaat-i Islami until 1971, when East Pakistan seceded to become independent Bangladesh. It supported a united Pakistan during the 1971 civil war and, as a consequence, was banned by the Awami League government after Bangladesh became independent. In 1975, after the assassination of Shaykh Mujibur Rahman, it was once again allowed to operate. Under the leadership of Gholam Azam, the party rose from a pariah group to the third largest political party in Bangladesh. Currently headed by Mawlana Motiur Rahman Nizami, a former president of Islami Jamiat Tulaba of Pakistan. The party won seventeen seats in the parliamentary elections of September 2001 and, for the first time, was offered two cabinet positions in Khaleda Zia's government. Organized into 6,580 administrative units throughout Bangladesh, the Jamaat-i Islami of Bangladesh has dominated student politics on several important university campuses and has a considerable following among madrasa students as well as teachers and other professionals. Like its counterpart in Pakistan, the Jamaat-i Islami Bangladesh strives for the establishment of an Islamic state through educational work, social reform, and democratic elections.

Subjects: Islam.


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