Overview

Occupation of Japan


'Occupation of Japan' can also refer to...

Japan, Occupation of

Japan, Occupation of (1945–52)

Japan, U.S. occupation of

Japan, Occupation of (1945–52)

The Best Overview of the Allied Occupation of Japan yet Written

The Reception of American Literature in Japan during the Occupation

Occupations of Korea and Japan and the Origins of the Korean Diaspora in Japan

Just Who Reversed the Course? The Red Purge in Higher Education during the Occupation of Japan

Information, Re-education and Re-orientation Policies in the US Occupation of Japan

Recalling War Trauma of the Pacific War and the Japanese Occupation in the Oral History of Malaysia and Singapore

Paul H. Kratoska. The Japanese Occupation of Malaya: A Social and Economic History. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 1997. Pp. viii, 404. $35.00

Secularisation and Modernisation of Islam in China: Educational Reform, Japanese Occupation and the Disappearance of Persian Learning

Foreign Policy Experts As Service Intellectuals: The American Institute of Pacific Relations, The Council on Foreign Relations, and Planning the Occupation of Japan During World War II

Mire Koikari. Pedagogy of Democracy: Feminism and the Cold War in the U.S. Occupation of Japan. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. 2008. Pp. x, 226. $54.50

Pedagogy of Democracy: Feminism and the Cold War in the U.S. Occupation of Japan. By Mire Koikari. (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2008. xiv, 226 pp. $54.50, ISBN 978-1-59213-700-8.)

Keystone: The American Occupation of Okinawa and U.S.-Japanese Relations. By Nicholas Evan Sarantakes. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2000. xxiv, 264 pp. $34.95, ISBN 0-89096-969-8.)

Trans-Pacific Racisms and the U.S. Occupation of Japan. By Yukiko Koshiro. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. xiv, 295 pp. Cloth, $45.00, ISBN 0-231-11348-X. Paper, $18.50, ISBN 0-231-11349-8.)

Christian Henriot and Wen‐hsin Yeh, editors. In the Shadow of the Rising Sun: Shanghai under Japanese Occupation. (Cambridge Modern China Series.) New York: Cambridge University Press. 2004. Pp. xii, 392. $75.00

Beikoku tai Nichi Senryō Seisaku to Budō Kyō iku: Dai Nihon Butokukai no Kōbō (American Occupation Policy Toward Japan and Martial Arts Education: The Rise and Fall of the Greater Japan Martial Virtue Association), by Yamamoto Reiko. Tokyo: Nihon Tosho Senta, 2003, 156 pp., ¥2,400 (paperback ISBN 4-8205-6998-8)

 

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(1945–52)

The Allied occupation of Japan after World War II. After Japan's unconditional surrender on 2 September 1945, it came under the control of the Allied forces of occupation led by General Douglas MacArthur in his capacity as Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers (SCAP). Although technically backed by an 11‐nation Far Eastern Commission and a Four‐Power Council (Britain, China, USA, and the Soviet Union), the military occupation was entirely dominated by the USA, with policy remaining in the hands of MacArthur and, after his removal in April 1951, of his successor General Matthew Ridgway. US occupation policy had two main goals, the demilitarization of Japan and the establishment of democratic institutions and ideals. The first objective was achieved through the complete demobilization of the army and navy and the destruction of their installations, backed up by the peace clause of the new Japanese Constitution. The second was much more difficult, and although the new Constitution was in operation before the occupation was formally terminated in 1952, the real impact of US‐inspired reforms on Japanese socio‐political institutions has been questioned. Although a few zaibatsu were dissolved, most survived. At the same time close links with the USA resulted in rapid economic recovery and expansion.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence — World History.


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