A name given to various methods of imitating oriental lacquer, it was employed in the 18th century to decorate wooden objects such as boxes, trays, and small pieces of furniture. Using gum-lac, seed-lac, or shellac, dissolved in spirits of wine, many layers were built up, usually in black, red, or green. Gold decoration was added by applying gum arabic and sawdust gilded with metal dust and then burnished. Chinoiserie was a popular style of decoration on japanned objects. Japanning could also be applied to metal items, such as trays, teapots, and tea caddies. The tin-plated sheet iron was covered with black varnish and then decorated in gilt and colours.
Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.