French socialist leader. Entering parliament (1885), his campaign on behalf of Dreyfus and against anti‐Semitism strengthened socialist support in France. In 1905 he formed the United Socialist Party, which put pressure on the radical governments in order to achieve reforms for the working class. He opposed militarism, but tried to reconcile socialist internationalism and French patriotism. He was assassinated by a French nationalist in 1914.
Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Politics.