Dance form developed by African-Americans in the US in the early part of the 20th century. It drew on African rhythms and techniques which isolated different parts of the body in movement. The name was first used during the First World War, and by the 1920s jazz had been taken up by white society. Its absorption into show business, through films, television, and Broadway, brought it an enormous international audience. In 1936 Balanchine choreographed the jazz ballet Slaughter on Tenth Avenue, as the climax to the Broadway musical On Your Toes and jazz continued to influence the ballet stage, for example in works by Robbins and Tharp. Leading jazz choreographers have included Katherine Dunham and Bob Fosse.