Robert Jenkin was born on the Isle of Thanet, Kent and died at South Runcton, Norfolk on 7 April 1727. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge (BA, 1678; MA, 1681), becoming a Fellow in 1680 and Master and Professor of Divinity in 1711. A Doctor of Divinity, he wrote a number of books on the Christian religion and Church matters. Two of his books are of philosophical relevance. The Reasonableness and Certainty of the Christian Religion (1696–7) is a traditional defence of Christian doctrines against sceptics and writers such as Locke. Locke's notion of thinking matter is given prominence in volume 1; reason and its nature are discussed in volume 2. The long Prefaces in both volumes serve as a summary of Jenkin's criticisms of others. In Remarks on Some Books Lately Published (1709) he attacks Locke's Paraphrases of St. Paul's Epistles, including Locke's essay on how to read ancient texts. For a discussion of this work, see Arthur W. Wainwright's edition of Locke's Paraphrases.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.