(10 September 1821–17 August 1897). Jervois graduated from the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1839. He held several important positions in Britain and the colonies before being appointed Director of Works for Fortifications in 1862. Jervois visited the United States and Canada several times to study their respective fortifications, he advised the Canadian government on the construction of forts, and supervised similar projects in Britain and a number of imperial outposts. Knighted in 1874, he was appointed Governor of the Straits Settlements the following year. In 1877 he was asked to survey and report on the defences of Australia and New Zealand. While in Melbourne with Colonel P. H. Scratchley, he was told that he had been appointed Governor of South Australia, which was designed to remove him from the Straits Settlements where he had antagonised much of the local population. Jervois's reports on New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland were submitted in the period June–August 1877; those on South Australia and Tasmania followed in December 1877 and February 1878 respectively.
From The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Military History.