An organization established by Britain to comply with its League of Nations Mandate, to represent the Jewish community in Palestine. It was formally constituted in 1929, although it had in fact been operating since 1920. Half of its members came from Palestine, while the other half came from outside, nominated by the World Zionist Organization. It became responsible not only for establishing kibbutzim settlements, but also for Jewish immigration, investment, and economic and cultural development. It also represented Jewish interests internationally, at the League of Nations and then at the UN. Furthermore, it provided its leaders, such as Ben-Gurion and Eshkol, with administrative and diplomatic experience that proved invaluable when they took over the government of the new state of Israel in 1948. After the foundation of Israel the Jewish Agency ceased to exercise its administrative and domestic political functions, but continued to act as an international body for the global Jewish community which would assist Israel, for example, in matters of finance and immigration. http://www.jewishagency.orgThe official website of the Jewish Agency.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).