A serious nationalist uprising led by the Zealots against Roman rule (66–70ad). In response Vespasian invaded Palestine with 60,000 troops and by 68 the rebels were confined to the Jerusalem area. After Vespasian's deposition in the civil wars of 68–69, his son Titus besieged the city, which fell district by district, the Temple being destroyed. Prisoners were taken to Rome and used as slave labour to build the Colosseum. The last insurgents held out at Masada until 73. In 132–35 Bar Cochba led another revolt, which ended with the sack of Bethar and Cochba's death.
Subjects: Military History — World History.