An eminent Indologist and teacher, whose work on Nyāya, Vedānta, and especially Mīmāṃsā, fruitfully combined traditional Sanskrit learning with modern scholarship. He was educated at the University of Allahabad, which he was later to serve as Vice-Chancellor from 1923–32. Among other posts, he was the first Indian to be appointed Principal of the Sanskrit College in Vārāṇasī. He was honoured with both the traditional title ‘Mahāmahopadhyāya’ (‘Great Teacher’) and a knighthood from the colonial Government. His publications include The Prabhākara School of Pūrva Mīmāṃsā (1909), and Pūrva Mīmāṃsā in Its Sources (1942), as well as numerous translations of Sanskrit texts into English—the Śābarabhāṣya, Ślokavārttika, and Tantravārttika amongst them.