Is a concept that is increasingly rare for most employees. There was a time when people entered an occupation fairly certain that they would be able to pursue the same line of work until they retired. Nowadays, technological developments and economic demands mean that flexibility and constant change are required in all jobs. Theorists suggest that career and job changes are increasingly common, and some prophesy that in the future everyone will be expected to undertake a variety of jobs and experience periods of unemployment throughout their working life. [See jobshift, lifetime employment, and portfolio career.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.